Almost 80% of the population experiences lower back pain at some point in their life.
The spine is made up of 26 bone discs called vertebrae. The spinal column provides the main support for the body and it is surrounded by numerous muscles, nerves, blood vessels and ligaments arranged in a tube shape shielding canal through which passes the spinal cord and the nerve roots of arms and legs.
Due to the multiple actions and functions, spine is exposed to constant mechanical action of the load (pressure, shear, train, bending, twisting).
Certain parts of the spine (cervical, thoracic and lumbar) have a different range of motion from which the neck is highly mobile, while the breast part is less mobile.
The transition between one part of the spine to another leads to degenerative changes which can result in pain.
People engaged in hard physical work, those who spend several hours in adverse postures, sedentary jobs, older men with degenerative changes of the lumbar spine, people with osteoporosis or with certain congenital anomalies of the spine after injuries and operations of the spine.
Treatment and prevention
According to researchers, the herb comfrey which grows on wet meadows and places near the water can be very effective in treating back pain. Ointment based on the extract of this plant has proved to successfully heal back pain in just five days. Scientists tested 120 people who suffered from pain in the lower and upper back. The study was conducted by researchers at the German Sports University in Bonn, and the results were published in the British Journal of Sports Medina. The extract of comfrey root is extremely powerful and clinically proven to reduce acute pain, according to the research results.
The root of the plant is similar to that of beet and has large, hairy leaves. Herbalists have used it since ancient times. Moreover, previous studies have proved that comfrey can effectively relieve other types of pain and in the form of gel it can treat pain caused by dislocation of joints and osteoarthritis.
Note: do not take it in form of capsules since it can be toxic to the liver.