Cystitis is an inflammation of the bladder. In most cases this inflammation is caused by a bacterial infection and is considered an infection of the urinary tract.
Bladder infection can become a serious problem if it spreads on the kidneys.
This irritating problem most often occurs in women, and is treated with antibiotics. Approximately 20-40% of women get cystitis during their lives.
Some of the symptoms that indicate cystitis are:
- Frequent and strong urge to urinate;
- Frequent urination of small amounts of urine;
- A burning sensation during urination;
- Blood in the urine;
- Cloudy urine with a strong odor;
- Pressure in the lower abdomen.
If you are experiencing these unpleasant symptoms, visit your doctor immediately.
REASONS FOR OCCURENCE
Bacteria. Urinary tract infections occur when bacteria reach the urethra and begin to multiply. Cystitis may occur as a result of a sexual intercourse during which bacteria can enter the urethra. In most cases cystitis is caused by the bacterium Escherichia coli.
Although bacteria are the most common cause of cystitis, there are other factors that can lead to the unpleasant cystitis:
Medications. Certain drugs (particularly drugs used for chemotherapy) can cause inflammation of the bladder.
The use of catheter. Long-term use of catheter may cause inflammation.
Increased sensitivity to chemicals. Some people are more sensitive to chemicals found in products for intimate care, and this can result in inflammation.
Another disease. Cystitis may be a consequence of another disease, such as lupus, tuberculosis, Crohn’s disease.
TREATMENT AND TIPS
Cystitis is commonly treated with antibiotics. The type of antibiotic you can take depends on your overall health and whether you are allergic to certain antibiotics. The symptoms usually disappear after three days of antibiotic therapy.
To reduce the discomfort of the unpleasant symptoms, you can follow these tips:
Hot bag. Sometimes if you put a hot pad on the lower abdomen, it can reduce the pressure on the bladder and relieve the pain.
Many liquids. Drink plenty of fluids, but avoid coffee, alcohol and soft drinks that contain caffeine and citrus juice until symptoms disappear.
Consume vitamin C. Eat foods that contain the vitamin.
Do not eat salty or spicy foods. While symptoms of cystitis are present, avoid eating spicy and salty foods.
You can take some steps to protect yourself from cystitis:
Drink plenty of fluids, especially water. It is very important to get enough fluids for your overall health. Besides water, drink juices too. Blueberry juice is efficient in fighting infections.
Urinate often. If you feel the need to urinate, do not ignore it and go to the toilet immediately.
Wipe yourself backwards. Wipe yourself with toilet paper from the front to the back to prevent the spread of bacteria.
Avoid lying in the bath. Lying in the bathtub is really relaxing, but if you are prone to infections, you should avoid it.
Do not use sprays or other products for intimate hygiene. These products can irritate the bladder and lining of the urinary tract.